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Lake St Lucia (28043227)

KwaZulu-Natal

CWAC status REGISTERED-COUNTED REGULARLY
Authority Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife
Management status PROVINCIAL GAME/NATURE RESERVE
Conservation status PROTECTED
IBA information SA058 - LAKE ST LUCIA & MKUZE SWAMPS
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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Information 

Date_registered
1992-01-18
Brief_description
A global IBA and Ramsar site; largest African estuarine system, with important populations of many species. Important for many bird species; globally significant numbers of breeding White Pelican and African Spoonbill, and Greater Flamingo; also significant breeding numbers of Goliath Heron, Saddlebilled Stork and African Fish Eagle. High counts of Lesser Flamingo, shorebirds, Redwinged Pratincole (formerly bred), Greyheaded Gull and terns. Figures show recent decline in counts and number of species. Threats include cessation of dredging at St Lucia mouth, human disturbance, reduced water inflow from catchment, pollution, and development.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
IBA
RAMSAR
269Avocet, PiedRecurvirostra avosetta1551.233801250125
212Coot, Red-knobbedFulica cristata4123.67420   
48Cormorant, CapePhalacrocorax capensis1481.50149   
50Cormorant, ReedPhalacrocorax africanus180.05478   
47Cormorant, White-breastedPhalacrocorax carbo2260.671710  130
202Crake, Baillon'sPorzana pusilla22.002
203Crake, BlackAmaurornis flavirostris13.558
267Curlew, EurasianNumenius arquata11.332   
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa116.71109   
95Duck, African BlackAnas sparsa11.001   
101Duck, FulvousDendrocygna bicolor341.36181   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A2108.30735
100Duck, White-facedDendrocygna viduata6382.092830   
96Duck, Yellow-billedAnas undulata297.84735   
61Egret, CattleBubulcus ibis1279.152345   
58Egret, GreatEgretta alba23190.331833500250 
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta20116.7010281000500 
60Egret, Yellow-billedEgretta intermedia117.3380   
149Fish-eagle, AfricanHaliaeetus vocifer142.5199
86Flamingo, GreaterPhoenicopterus ruber43368.84180871250625760
87Flamingo, LesserPhoenicopterus minor41391.895758  600
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiacus22267.73781   
88Goose, Spur-wingedPlectropterus gambensis146.52420   
5Grebe, Black-neckedPodiceps nigricollis2020.0020   
4Grebe, Great CrestedPodiceps cristatus11.001   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis130.00127   
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia337.97250   
288Gull, Grey-headedLarus cirrocephalus30639.1928661000500 
287Gull, KelpLarus dominicanus14.2011   
72Hamerkop, HamerkopScopus umbretta13.5014   
64Heron, BlackEgretta ardesiaca115.6741   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala113.0642   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath248.17140 125 
63Heron, Green-backedButorides striata11.082   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea28104.77653   
57Heron, PurpleArdea purpurea151.051043500250880
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides15.3128   
10011Heron, UnidentifiedN/A N/A729729.00729
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus137.70278   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus145.00391   
84Ibis, HadedaBostrychia hagedash18.2347   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus216.5762  
395Kingfisher, GiantMegaceryle maximus11.943
397Kingfisher, MalachiteAlcedo cristata12.9210
400Kingfisher, MangroveHalcyon senegaloides11.753
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis122.4673
254Knot, RedCalidris canutus99.009   
247Lapwing, African WattledVanellus senegallus18.0925   
245Lapwing, BlacksmithVanellus armatus116.5044   
167Marsh-harrier, AfricanCircus ranivorus13.2110
509Martin, Brown-throatedRiparia paludicola11.001
210Moorhen, CommonGallinula chloropus14.5715   
69Night-Heron, Black-crownedNycticorax nycticorax12.507  
172Osprey, OspreyPandion haliaetus11.464
361Owl, MarshAsio capensis11.332
231Oystercatcher, African BlackHaematopus moquini55.005  
42Pelican, Great WhitePelecanus onocrotalus11526.7772401800900300
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens467.20345   
233Plover, Common RingedCharadrius hiaticula162.56502   
273Plover, CrabDromas ardeola11.001 
241Plover, GreyPluvialis squatarola17.5053   
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius422.4777   
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris15.0013   
235Plover, White-frontedCharadrius marginatus214.5093   
102Pochard, SouthernNetta erythrophthalma1414.0014   
281Pratincole, CollaredGlareola pratincola132.67165   
92Pygmy-Goose, AfricanNettapus auritus27.7524   
256Ruff, RuffPhilomachus pugnax1160.60623  
255Sanderling, SanderlingCalidris alba11.001   
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos129.3093  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea1666.294117 3750
259Sandpiper, GreenTringa ochropus11.001
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis122.3391   
257Sandpiper, TerekXenus cinereus11.001 
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola110.2325   
94Shoveler, CapeAnas smithii144.78300 175 
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba8319.141340150751000
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus2273.3232121000500
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta1387.803721   
73Stork, MarabouLeptoptilos crumeniferus12.334   
75Stork, Saddle-billedEphippiorhynchus senegalensis13.8914   
77Stork, Woolly-neckedCiconia episcopus111.8750   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis3134.611360500250880
208Swamphen, African PurplePorphyrio madagascariensis13.5223  
98Teal, CapeAnas capensis136.88202   
99Teal, HottentotAnas hottentota398.601100  1000
97Teal, Red-billedAnas erythrorhyncha1106.93952   
294Tern, ArcticSterna paradisaea77.007  
290Tern, CaspianSterna caspia1273.309651356820
291Tern, CommonSterna hirundo317.9263   
297Tern, Lesser CrestedSterna bengalensis125.4485   
299Tern, LittleSterna albifrons3171.75816 500490
296Tern, SandwichSterna sandvicensis121.91105   
298Tern, SwiftSterna bergii148.92296 250200
10009Tern, UnidentifiedN/A N/A1141.551226
305Tern, WhiskeredChlidonias hybrida124.2017215075100
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus132.67130   
274Thick-knee, WaterBurhinus vermiculatus19.1432   
232Turnstone, RuddyArenaria interpres12.003   
0Unknown, UnknownN/A N/A88.008
10008Wader, UnidentifiedN/A N/A23144.5823793
685Wagtail, African PiedMotacilla aguimp13.5412
686Wagtail, CapeMotacilla capensis12.9410
689Wagtail, YellowMotacilla flava77.007
268Whimbrel, CommonNumenius phaeopus16.4715   
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Wednesday 22 November 2017 09:15
© Animal Demography Unit 2015
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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