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Lake Jilore (3113954)


Management status COMMUNAL LAND
Conservation status UNPROTECTED
IBA information
Ramsar information
Heritage information
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A seasonal lake that in years of heavy rains (e.g. El Nino 1997/98) can be very extensive and hold large numbers of waterbirds. As it dries out, the edge is turned into farmland and currently (2016) much of the lake is actually cultivated with only a small residual section that holds water. The count area has therefore reduced substantially from when first counted - reflected in the number of birds recorded.
As in many other seasonal lakes in the area, a shallow valley surrounded by low hills that historically were covered in dense forest and thicket. Over the 15-20 years since the late 1990s, this cover has been almost completely removed and had poor farming techniques employed on steep slopes leading to heavy erosion and siltation of the lake. The lake is therefore now largely filled in with sediment and farmed. Open water and mud is restricted now to c. 3 ha area (c. 300 x 100 m).
Seasonal wetland depending 100% on rainfall for water - there are no drainage channels running into it. When it gets extremely full, water will drain through a stream outlet to the north-east towards the Sabaki River.
Lake Jilore lies immediately adjacent to the Arabuko-Sokoke Forest reserve. Historically it was an important watering site for elephant and other wildlife. However an elephant fence erected along the forest boundary has stopped any elephants accessing the lake water and this environmental service has gone. Much of the natural habitat in the surrounding hills and area has been cleared for poor quality farming that has led to heavy erosion and degradation of the land and habitats in general.

SppCommon nameTaxonomic nameMinAvgMaxIBASubregional
50Cormorant, ReedPhalacrocorax africanus217.5033   
47Cormorant, White-breastedPhalacrocorax carbo33.003   
52Darter, AfricanAnhinga rufa33.003   
101Duck, FulvousDendrocygna bicolor66.507   
91Duck, Knob-billedSarkidiornis melanotos2525.0025   
10014Duck, UnidentifiedN/A N/A8585.0085
104Duck, White-backedThalassornis leuconotus22.002   
100Duck, White-facedDendrocygna viduata51304.50558   
61Egret, CattleBubulcus ibis12.504   
58Egret, GreatEgretta alba22.002   
59Egret, LittleEgretta garzetta55.005   
60Egret, Yellow-billedEgretta intermedia11.001   
149Fish-eagle, AfricanHaliaeetus vocifer11.001
89Goose, EgyptianAlopochen aegyptiacus22.002   
6Grebe, LittleTachybaptus ruficollis410.5017   
263Greenshank, CommonTringa nebularia58.0011   
933Gull, Common Black-headedLarus ridibundus11.502
64Heron, BlackEgretta ardesiaca1313.0013   
55Heron, Black-headedArdea melanocephala33.003   
56Heron, GoliathArdea goliath11.001   
54Heron, GreyArdea cinerea33.003   
62Heron, SquaccoArdeola ralloides22.002   
81Ibis, African SacredThreskiornis aethiopicus23.004   
83Ibis, GlossyPlegadis falcinellus22.002   
228Jacana, AfricanActophilornis africanus1726.0035  
394Kingfisher, PiedCeryle rudis67.008
1031Lapwing, Spur-wingedVanellus spinosus11.001
74Openbill, AfricanAnastomus lamelligerus87100.00113   
172Osprey, OspreyPandion haliaetus11.001
41Pelican, Pink-backedPelecanus rufescens46.509   
233Plover, Common RingedCharadrius hiaticula33.504   
237Plover, Kittlitz'sCharadrius pecuarius33.003   
955Plover, Little RingedCharadrius dubius11.001
238Plover, Three-bandedCharadrius tricollaris22.002   
235Plover, White-frontedCharadrius marginatus11.001   
256Ruff, RuffPhilomachus pugnax19.5018  
258Sandpiper, CommonActitis hypoleucos22.002  
251Sandpiper, CurlewCalidris ferruginea22.002  
262Sandpiper, MarshTringa stagnatilis13.506   
264Sandpiper, WoodTringa glareola1014.0018   
85Spoonbill, AfricanPlatalea alba26.5011   
270Stilt, Black-wingedHimantopus himantopus1013.5017  
253Stint, LittleCalidris minuta1426.5039   
76Stork, Yellow-billedMycteria ibis11.001   
99Teal, HottentotAnas hottentota15.5010   
902Tern, Gull-billedSterna nilotica12.504 
10009Tern, UnidentifiedN/A N/A8585.0085
304Tern, White-wingedChlidonias leucopterus150169.00188   
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Tuesday 14 August 2018 01:24
© Animal Demography Unit 2015
Department of Biological Sciences - University of Cape Town

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